As the first City Archeologist for New York City (1980-1990), I learned the importance of linking research and outreach, and developed an understanding of law, government and the role we can play in changing public policy. I am academic archaeologist who is also concerned about civic engagment. Because of this background I am committed to incorporating service-learning into my teaching. I have been a leader in American urban archaeology and since coming to Cornell I had also raised the professional awareness of farmstead archaeology and landscape archaeology. I have helped raise the profile of American landscape archaeology within the Landscape Architecture profession. I work with planners, preservationists, and Native Americans to excavate and preserve endangered American Indian, colonial, and 19th-century archaeological sites.
As an interdisciplinary scholar I am involved in three fields within the university: landscape architecture, archaeology, and historic preservation. My publications and my conference papers reflect my interdisciplinary role within the Landscape Architecture Department. I have been and continue to be interested in research on status, class and ethnicity. The way I approach cultural landscape studies involves the analysis of the social, political, economic, religious, and ideological factors which have effected land-use and site design in North American communities (US and Canadian).
Outreach and Extension Focus
My applied research is closely connected to my teaching and my academic research. I believe in linking theory and practice rather than compartmentalizing them. My government site reports are my applied publications. In my government reports I have demonstrated how high standards for applied research can be accomplished. My applied work also involves the active preservation of archaeological sites and cultural landscapes. For almost two decades I have served as an advisor to state and municipal agencies regarding the design and implementation of preservation laws. My public policy articles and work also link academic and applied research. In addition, my service-learning courses provide direct community service to our State Parks
I am committed to integrating research and outreach into my teaching.
My courses involve the following elements:
1) a multidisciplinary approach to the study of the cultural landscape, combining archaeology, anthropology, design, planning, and history;
2) the discussion of ethical and social issues in professional practice;
3) the implementation of on-site class projects which involve community outreach, community collaboration, and service-learning;
4) the incorporation of my applied research into my teaching; and involving my students in engaged research,
5) the integration into my teaching of my involvement in professional organizations, using knowledge newly acquired from my colleagues, and shared by me with them, for the benefit of my students.
Awards and Honors
- Faculty Fellow in Engaged Research (2015) Engaged Research + Learning Program, Cornell University
- Award for Research in Service-Learning (2013) Engaged Learning + Research Program, Cornell University
- International award for Excellence in Service-Learning Education (2011) Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture
- Baugher, S. B., & Frantz, G. (2013). The Inlet Valley Project: Reflections on an Early Model for Interdisciplinary and Cross-Cultural Service-Learning Courses in Landscape Architecture. Landscape Journal. 32:113-130.
- Baugher, S. B. (2010). The Archaeology of the Matron’s Cottage: a Household of Female Employees at Sailors’ Snug Harbor, Staten Island, New York. Northeast Historical Archaeology. 37:1-20.
- Baugher, S. B. (2010). “Landscapes of Power: Middle Class and Lower Class Power Dynamics in a New York Charitable Institution”. International Journal of Historical Archaeology. 14:475-497.
- Veit, R. F., Baugher, S. B., & Scharfenberger, G. P. (2009). Historical archaeology of Religious Sites and Cemeteries. Historical Archaeology. 43:1-11.
- Baugher, S. B. (2009). The John Street Methodist Church: an Archaeological Excavation with Native American Cooperation. Historical Archaeology. 43:46-64.
- Baugher, S. B. (2007). “A Hierarchy of Poverty: The Life of Retired Seamen at Sailors’ Snug Harbor, Staten Island, New York”. Northeast Anthropology. 73:69-95.
- Baugher, S. B. (2007). “New York Odyssey: Forging Partnerships in American Archaeological Outreach”. Northeast Anthropologist. 73:43-60.
- Klein, T., & Baugher, S. B. (2003). “Addressing an Historic Preservation Dilemma: The Future of Nineteenth-Century Farmstead Archaeology in the Northeast”. Northeast Historical Archaeology. 30-31:167-180.
- Baugher, S. B., & Klein, T. (2003). “Introduction to the Archaeology of Nineteenth-Century Farmsteads in Northeastern Canada and the United States”. Northeast Historical Archaeology. 30-31:1-8.
- Baugher, S. B. (2003). “What is it? Archaeological Evidence of Nineteenth-Century Agricultural Drainage Systems.”. Northeast Historical Archaeology. 30-31:23-40.
Presentations and Activities
- Remembering and Forgetting: The Fate of the Cemeteries of the Northern Civil War Prisoner of War Camps. Annual meetings of the Society for Historical Archaeology. January 2016. Society for Historical Archaeology. Washington, DC.
- Reflections on the New York City Archaeology Program (1980-2015). Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology Annual Meetings. November 2015. Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology. Fredericksburg, Virginia.
- The French History of the Dutch Voorlezer House: The Forgotten Past. New York State Archaeological AssociationAnnual Meetings. May 2015. New York State Archaeological Association. Watertown, NY.
- Bottom-Up Heritage Management in Ithaca, New York: Community Initiatives and Collaborations with University Archaeologists. Annual Meetings of the Society of American Archaeology. April 2015. Society of American Archaeology. San Francisco , California.
- Fabricated Authenticity: A New York City Museum’s Representation of a Building’s History Challenged by Archaeological Evidence. Conference Northeast Historical Archaeology Annual Meeting. November 2014. Conference Northeast Historical Archaeology . Long Branch, NJ.
- Remembering a Civil War Landscape in Elmira, New York. New York State Archaeological AssociationAnnual Meetings. April 2014. New York State Archaeological Association. Oneonta, New York.
- More than Three Decades of Municipal Archaeology in New York City. Society for Historical Archaeology Annual Meetings. January 2014. Society for Historical Archaeology. Quebec City, Quebec.
- Fire! The Archaeology of early 20th century Domestic Calamities in Ontario and New York. Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology Annual Meeting. November 2013. Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology. Newark, Delaware.
- A Different Paradigm for Fieldwork: Fall Field Classes. New York State Archaeological Association Annual Meeting. April 2013. New York State Archaeological Association . Watertown, NY .
- Archaeological Perspectives on American Cemeteries and Gravestones. Society for Historical Archaeology Annual Meetings. January 2013. Society for Historical Archaeology. Leicester, England, UK.